Publications on Phoslock

phoslock in a bottle

A large body of literature on Phoslock exists and can be downloaded from these pages.

Documents are organized into the following categories and subcategories:

Phoslock properties:

Key documents

Additional information

Results of toxicity tests

Background information:

Case study reports

Articles in Scientific Journals

Robb et al, Application of Phoslock, an innovative phosphorus binding clay, to two Western Australian waterways: preliminary findings, Hydrobiologia 494, 237-243 (2003)

Egemose et al, Chemical lake restoration products: sediment stability and phosphorus dynamics, Environment Science & Technology 44 (3), 985-991 (2010)

Lurling et al, Effects of lanthanum and lanthanum-modified clay on growth, survival and reproduction of Daphnia magna, Water Research 44 (3), 309-319 (2010)

Hagheseresht et al, A novel lanthanum-modified bentonite, Phoslock, for phosphate removal from wastewaters, Applied Clay Science 46 (4), 369-375 (2009)

Ross et al, The effect of pH and anoxia on the performance of Phoslock, a phosphorus binding clay, Harmful Algae 7, 545-550 (2008)

Persy et al, Lanthanum: A Safe Phosphate binder, Seminars in Dialysis 19 (3), 195-9 (2006)

Van Oosterhout et al, Effects of the novel 'Flock & Lock' Lake restoration technique on Daphnia in Lake Rauwbraken (The Netherlands), Journal of Plankton Research, August 17 2010